Sustainable Development Goals 14
Most global marine ecosystems now show the influence of human actions, with coastal marine ecosystems showing both large historical losses of extent and condition as well as rapid ongoing declines.
Global production (in tonnes) of fish and seafood every year, from a combination of wild fish catch and fish farming
of the ocean is fully or highly protected from fishing impacts
of the High Seas is in implemented and fully / highly protected areas
The marine environment is affected by a range of individual and cumulative pressures. Our activities place pressure through commercial and recreational fishing, aquaculture, extraction of natural resources, non-indigenous species, and coastal development.
tonnes of wild fish caught in New Zealand
49,850 in 1960
tonnes of aquatic organisms from aquaculture in 2018
2,800 in 1960
(12,792 km2) of our territorial sea is legally protected marine reserves (1974 = 0%)
Our coasts are threatened by loss of natural character and biodiversity, and degraded water and sediment quality. Most monitored sites are moderately healthy, and at most sites there were only slight changes in estuarine ecosystem health between 2012 and 2020.
Average Trait - Based Index (TBI) for estuarine areas, 2020 (>0.4 = good) 2012 = 0.4
Ha of coastal areas protected by Taiapure, Rohe Moana and Matiatia customary provisions